SITUATION ANALYSIS OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM OF AMRITSAR CITY, INDIA / Analys av vattendistributionsystemet i Amritsar, Indien
The city of Amritsar today is facing the scarcity of water resources due to change in urbanization and other external externalities. Drinking water supply of city is entirely dependant on ground water resources, and the latter has been increasingly exploited at a rate that exceeds its natural replenishment. Besides this, major portion of water is being lost in the process of distribution due to poor infrastructure and faulty operation and maintenance. The over-exploitation of groundwater along with the problems in the distribution system is making the situation worse. The focus of this paper is to analyse the water supply situation of Amritsar city by assessing the present situation of production and consumption and developing the performance indicators. The entire analysis brings forth findings such as poor level of performance of the water distribution network in the city, accounting for high water losses when compared to international norms.