Water-energy nexus in urban water utilities: a brief Norwegian outlook / Vann-energi nexus i urbane vannverk: et norsk perspektiv
Urban water utilities have realised the importance and the possibility of improving the energy efficiency of their operations; and also have started looking at urban water utilities as essentially energy-producers. The driving factors are economic issues, environmental goals, self-image, public demands etc. Even Norway which enjoys an abundance of clean and green energy and freshwater, and is among the richest in the world in terms of percapita GDP, ought to take energy efficiency in urban water utilities seriously. Of late, politicians, researchers and decision-makers in public organisations have set the ball rolling briskly in this direction.