Integrerad kustzonsförvaltning i Skåne – Förslag till förbättringar / Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Scania – Suggestions for improvements
In Scania there are 33 municipalities where 16 of these are located along the coast. Integrated Coastal Zone Management, ICZM, has been regarded as an effective and necessary strategy for maintaining the coast.
Many of the activities in the coastal area are controlled by the Swedish Planning and Building act, PBL, which from some perspectives may be considered as an ICZM-act. Today, the municipalities have the planning responsibility for the coast, where the Comprehensive Plan is considered as the answer to an integrated planning method for the ocean and the land. Based on interviews with selected municipalities and the literature study, the fundamental conditions for ICZM have been summarised into four different sections: Local conditions, communication, interaction with stakeholders and the local anchoring, mainly political. Today, many municipalities refer to a lack of sufficient information and resources to implement ICZM or that they already have a sufficient management of the coast. In order to to start implementing ICZM there has to be a strong local political anchoring. Another criterion is that there is a coordinating organisation to guide the municipalities and to gather information. Another fundamental prerequisite for ICZM is that the communication between users, planners, and managers of the coast is maintained by all parties.