VATTENFÖRVALTNINGEN OCH AKTÖRSDELTAGANDET I TYSKLAND / Water management and public participation in Germany
This article intends to describe how the German federal states (Bundesländer) chose to implement the public participation requirements (article 14) of the water framework directive (WFD). We describe which level of ambition they intend to reach, which models and tools they use and what kind of resources they have at their disposal to involve external actors in their water planning cycle. The second part of this article focuses on system of different water charges that the german federal government and the federal states introduced to influence water quality and generate revenues to finance measures that would improve water quality. Furthermore we discuss which conclusions could be drawn from the German experiences on these two subjects and make a suggestion how one could build up a public participation process in Sweden.